Avani Avittam

Avani Avittam - Anarghyaa.com Special Homam

Avani is the name of the Tamil month and Avittam is one of the 27 nakshatras or stars. "Avani Avittam" is an important ritual associated with the South Brahmin communit.. The observance is known as Upakarma.On the day of Avani Avittam, the sacred thread worn is changed and it is usually a community 

This year Yajurveda Upakarma 15th August 2019 (Thursday)


About Yajurveda Upakarma

Upakarma means beginning, which refers to the ritualistic beginning of learning Veda. Besides learning Vedas, on the Upakarma day, Brahmins ritually change their Upanayana thread accompanied by Shrauta rituals. Upakarma is a Vedic ritual still practiced by the Brahmin community.

Those who follow Yajurveda observe the Upakarma on Shravana Purnima day, that is, on the full moon day in Shravan month. Those who follow Rig-Veda observe the Upakarma on Shravana Nakshatra day in Shravana month. Accordingly, the Upakarma day may be different for the followers of Yajurveda and Rig-Veda

In Tamil Nadu, Upakarma is known as Avani Avittam. For those who perform their first Upakarma, it is called Thalai Avani Avittam. In Andhra Pradesh, Upakarma ritual in Shravana Purnima is known as Jandhyala Purnima.

Upakarma ritual is meant to offer prayers and express the gratitude to the ancient sages who gave the knowledge of Vedas and revealed sacred Vedic Mantras to humanity. The next day of Upakarma is observed as Gayatri Japam.

The followers of Samaveda observe the Upakarma on Hasta Nakshatra day in Bhadrapada month. The Samaveda Upakarma day usually occurs after a fortnight of Yajurveda and Rig-Veda Upakarma day.


Rituals during Avani Avittam:

  • On the day of Avani Avittam a sacred vow or ‘Mahasankalpam’ is taken for compensation of the sins committed in the past year. Sacred mantras are chanted during this time.
  • Brahmins get up at sunrise and take a holy dip. On Avani Avittam Brahmins wear a new sacred thread called as ‘Janeyu’ or ‘Yajnopavit’. It is the most important ritual on Avani Avittam and Vedic mantras are chanted during this time. It is usually a community observance that is performed on the banks of a river or pond.
  • After wearing the new thread or Janeyu, the older one is discarded to signify a new beginning.

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