Sankata Hara Chaturthi : 20th June 2019
Sankata Hara Chaturthi Ganesha Puja is performed every Sankashti or Sankatahara Chaturthi......
Navratri / Navarathri / Dusshera / Dasara festival is celebrated all over the country in different ways. This year Navratri begins on 29th September 2019 and ends on 7th October 2019.
Navratri is an important Hindu festival of worship and dance. The word “Navratri” literally meaning 9 nights. This festival is dedicated to the worship of the Hindu deity Goddess Durga. Devi mahatmya which is the central part of markandeya purana says during these nine nights mata durga aka Ambaji ambal ammoru in different parts of India fought a tough war with demon mahishasur. After 9 days of war goddess finally slayed the demon on 10th day . This day is celebrated as vijayadashami. Her victory is the main theme of Navaratri. Navaratri is known by various names in various parts of country.
In North India Navaratri is marked by the numerous Ramlila events. The festivities include songs, narration, recital and dialogue based on the Hindu text Ramacharitmanas by Tulsidas. At the end of the Navratri, comes Dussehra, where the effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Meghanath / Indrajit are burnt to celebrate the victory of good (Rama) over evil forces on Vijayadashami. Elsewhere, during this religious observance, goddess Durga's war against deception and evil is remembered. A pot is installed (ghatasthapana) at a sanctified place at home. A lamp is kept lit in the pot for nine days. The pot symbolises the universe. The uninterrupted lit lamp symbolizes the Adishakti, i.e. Durga Devi
In Bengal the Navratri is celebrated as the Durga Puja festival. Decorative ‘pandals’ are made and people will visit these ceremonial pandals to worship Goddess in the festive mood.
In Gujarat, the nine nights of the navaratri are celebrated with traditional local touch which has now become a global. A traditional dance form ‘garba’ is performed throughout the nine nights of celebration. The prayers are dedicated to a symbolic clay pot called garbo, as a remembrance of womb of the family and universe. The clay pot is lit, and this is believed to represent the one Atma. The traditional method includes fasting for a day, or partially every of the nine days such as by not eating grains or just taking liquid foods, in remembrance of one of nine aspects of Shakti goddess.
In the temples of Goa on the first day of the Hindu month of Ashwin, in temples (and some households), a copper pitcher is installed surrounded by clay in which nine varieties of food grains are placed inside the sanctum sanctorum of Devi and Krishna temples. The nine nights are celebrated by presenting devotional songs, and through religious discourses. Artists arrive to perform folk musical instruments
In Karnataka Navaratri is a major festival especially The Mysuru Dasara and is popular for its festivities. On the ninth day of Dasara, called Mahanavami, thhe royal sword is worshipped and is taken on a procession of decorated elephants and horses. The day after Navratri, on the Vijayadashami day, the traditional Dasara procession is held on the streets of Mysore. An image of the Goddess Chamundeshwari is placed on a golden saddle (hauda) on the back of a decorated elephant and taken on a procession, accompanied by dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants and horses.
In homes people decorate a part of one's home with art dolls called Gombe or Bombe, similar to Golu dolls
In Tamil Nadu Navaratri is the feast on colors, music, light, and food. Visitors are greeted with gleaming dolls, Golu is the artistic display of dolls on the numbered tiers or steps, usually made of wood/steel. The nine steps represent the nine days of Navratri. The steps are decorated and the Golu dolls are place which include idols of gods and a kalash (Mangal Kalash/Kalasam), idols of saints, idols representing human activities, depicting functions such as temples, marriage, etc. People set up their own creative themes in their homes, called Kolu, friends and families invite each other to visit their homes to view Kolu displays, then exchange gifts and sweets.